INTRODUCTION TO AMMAN
Amman, the capital of Jordan, is a fascinating city of contrasts – a unique blend of old and new, situated on a hilly area between the desert and the fertile Jordan Valley. Amman was named after the Ammonites who originally ruled the area which makes- up the present-day city. … In 1921, Ammir Abdullah declared Amman the capital of the new state of Trans- Jordan and from then onwards, the city became the administrative and economic hub of the country.
HISTORY OF JORDAN
In 1946, Jordan became an independent state officially known as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed in 1949 to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after the country captured the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until it was lost to Israel in 1967.